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Anthrax

Return to Other Wildlife Diseases

 

Bison

Commonly infected wildlife

Bison

Deer

 

Is this animal infected?

  • Living animals may be slow, weak, disoriented and dead within hours to days
  • Dead animals bloat and decompose quickly
  • There may be a bloody discharge from the mouth, nose and anus

Anthrax

Can I get it?

YES

  • Through cuts, open sores and scratches
  • Inhaling spores from contaminated materials, such as dust and grass
  • Eating undercooked meat

How bad can it get?

Anthrax
Inhaled anthrax is fatal. Avoid dead animals.

Protect myself and others

Animals suspected of having anthrax:

  • DO NOT TOUCH or EAT!
  • Wear a proper filter mask
  • Contact The North Dakota Game and Fish Department, State Department of Health, or the ND Board of Animal Health

Wash Hands

Wear Mask

 

Symptoms in humans

  • Cutaneous (skin) anthrax:
    • Most common type of anthrax infection in people
    • Small painless sore blister
    • Ulcer with a black center
  • Inhalation (lungs) anthrax:
    • Fever, sore throat, general ill-feeling
    • Cough, shortness of breath, chest pain
    • Breathing difficulties, death
  • Gastrointestinal (digestive) anthrax:
    • Fever, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain

Safe for pets?

Not safe for pets

NO - Carcasses should not be opened or cut into

 

What causes it?

  • Toxins from the bacteria Bacillus anthracis
  • Anthrax has been reported in plains bison from the prairies