North Dakota Banner

ND.gov Banner - visit nd.gov
North Dakota Legendary - visit ndtourism.gov

Food-borne Diseases

Return to Other Wildlife Diseases

 

Fecal contamination

  • Bacteria, viruses and parasites live and grow in the intestines of animals
  • They can contaminate hands, meat and utensils and can cause illness if eaten
  • This is sometimes called FOOD POISONING

Examples

  • Salmonella
  • E. coli
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Campylobacter

How can I get sick?

  • Eating raw or undercooked meat
  • Improper food PREPARATION AND COOKING
  • Contaminating cooked food with:
    • Raw or undercooked meat
    • Dirty hands and utensils
    • Dirty food preparation surfaces

Beware: Some food-borne diseases can be transmitted from person to person

Beware: Freezing may not kill all harmful bacteria, viruses or parasites


How can I protect myself?

  • Cook meat to recommended temperatures
  • Wash your hands with soap and water
    • After using the bathroom
    • After handling carcasses, live animals or their feces
    • Before eating or handling food
  • Properly store meat
    • Refrigerate
    • Freeze when storage for more than two days is required
    • Thaw meat in the fridge and not on the counter
    • Cook in a clean area
  • Scrub surfaces, utensils and cooking equipment with soap and warm water before and after food preparation

Not feeling well?

  • Recognize common symptoms of foodborne disease:
    • Diarrhea
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Fever
    • Weakness
    • Stomach pain
  • Contact your doctor if you become ill after eating raw or undercooked meat
  • Tell your doctor what you hunted and ate